There is a big difference
between biological paternity
and legal paternity
NEED FOR CERTAINTY
If a father doubts his paternity, it is important for various reasons that the truth is determined as quickly as possible. This is not only for emotional reasons, but also because of the legal consequences of paternity.
Paternity affects the maintenance obligation of the father and his responsibility for extraordinary costs of the child, as well as parental authority over the child, the rights of the child, and the inheritance rights or even maintenance obligations of the child to the father.
BIOLOGICAL VERSUS LEGAL PATERNITY
There is a big difference between biological and legal fatherhood. If a father wants to contest paternity or acknowledgment of paternity, a number of factors have to be taken into account, including: if the father has acknowledged the child (if the parents are unmarried), if there is a possession état (possession of status) of the child in terms of the father, what prevails in the interest of the child, etc.
Results from a DNA test can provide certainty about biological fatherhood, and are crucial elements in the assessment of legal paternity. If the mother does not voluntarily cooperate with a child carrying out a DNA test, DNA testing can be enforced by a procedure conducted by the competent family court. If it sees fit, the court may appoint a doctor to conduct the DNA test.